Republic Day in India,Republic Day India 26 January 2013

Republic Day in India:
Many people throughout India celebrate the Day of the Republic nation, which is classified as a public holiday on January 26 each year. It is a day to remember when India's constitution came into force January 26, 1950, completing the country's transition toward becoming an independent republic.

What do people do?
Many efforts are being made to organize events and celebrations that take place on the day of the Republic of India. Large military parades are held in New Delhi and the state capitals. Representatives of the Indian Army, Navy and Air Force and traditional dance troupes participate in the parades.

A grand parade is held in New Delhi and the event begins with the Prime Minister of India laid a wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate, to remember the soldiers who sacrificed their lives for their country. President of India is the salvation army during the parade in New Delhi while state governors take the military salutes in state capitals. A foreign head of state is the guest of honor of the president of Republic Day.

Prizes and medals of bravery are given to the people of the armed forces and also civilians. Army helicopters, then fly zone parade shower rose petals on the audience. School children also participate in the parade, dancing and singing patriotic songs. Armed Forces will also motorbike. The parade ends with an "overview" of the Indian Air Force, who is to fly fighter jets past the dais, symbolically saluting the President. They leave trails of smoke in the colors of the Indian flag.

There are many national and local cultural focus on the history and culture of India. Children have a special place in these programs. Many children receive gifts of candy or small toys. A rally Prime Minister also held at this time of year and the Lok Tarang - National Folk Dance Festival, which occurs annually from January 24-29.

Public life
Republic Day is a holiday listed in India on January 26 of each year. National government offices, state and local post offices and banks are closed at this time. Shops and other businesses and organizations may be closed or have reduced hours.

Public transport is usually unaffected as many locals travel for celebrations. Parades of the Republic cause significant traffic disruption and increased security may be at that time, especially in areas such as New Delhi and state capitals.

Background
India became independent from the United Kingdom on 15 August 1947. India does not have a permanent constitution for the moment. The drafting committee presented the first draft of the constitution to the National Assembly on 4 November 1947. The National Assembly has signed the final English and Hindi versions of the constitution on 24 January 1950.

Constitution of India came into force on Republic Day January 26, 1950. This date was chosen because it was the anniversary of Purna Swaraj Day, which took place on January 26, 1930.The Constitution gave the citizens of India the power to govern themselves by choosing their own government. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was sworn in as the first President of India to the Durbar Hall of the Government House, followed by a drive along a residential road to the Irwin Stadium, where he made the national flag of India . Since the historic day, January 26 is celebrated with festivities and patriotic fervor across India.

Symbols
Republic Day represents the true spirit of independent India. Parades, exhibitions of military equipment and the national flag are important symbols that date. National Flag of India is a horizontal tricolor of deep saffron (kesaria) on top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. The ratio of the width of the flag has a length of two to three. A navy blue wheel in the center of the white band represents the chakra. Its design is that of the wheel which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. Its diameter corresponds approximately to the width of the white band and has 24 spokes.

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